Parental Division of Labor

The Division of Paid Work, Domestic Work, and Childcare Depending on the Age of the Child

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Language:

Magdalena Gerum

Dr. Magdalena Gerum studied sociology, statistics and psychology at the LMU Munich and philosophy at the Munich School of Philosophy. She received her doctorate in social sciences from the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. She was employed at the German Youth Institute until the end of 2020, where she conducted research in the field of quantitative, empirical social research on family sociology issues. Since the beginning of 2021, Dr. Magdalena Gerum has been employed as a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.

Let's have a?

Expertise

  • Research on families, gender roles and social inequality
  • Research on division of labor in families
  • Surveydata, Big Data analyses, Data Scientist

Of interest to

  • Family researchers
  • Persons at the interface between science and family policy
  • Persons from the fields of politics and journalism
iStock / filadendron
Magdalena Gerum

Dr. Magdalena Gerum studied sociology, statistics and psychology at the LMU Munich and philosophy at the Munich School of Philosophy. She received her doctorate in social sciences from the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. She was employed at the German Youth Institute until the end of 2020, where she conducted research in the field of quantitative, empirical social research on family sociology issues. Since the beginning of 2021, Dr. Magdalena Gerum has been employed as a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.

Let's have a?

Expertise

  • Research on families, gender roles and social inequality
  • Research on division of labor in families
  • Surveydata, Big Data analyses, Data Scientist

Of interest to

  • Family researchers
  • Persons at the interface between science and family policy
  • Persons from the fields of politics and journalism

Interview

Niklas Heuser
Editor

The social sciences are empirical disciplines. What methods did you use in your research?

Magdalena Gerum
is typing…
Niklas Heuser
Redakteur

The social sciences are empirical disciplines. What methods did you use in your research?

Magdalena Gerum
Doktorandin

My doctoral thesis uses quantitative data to answer the research questions. The data basis is the survey "Growing Up in Germany: Everyday Worlds" by the German Youth Institute (DJI) from 2013/14. The DJI survey provides me with a representative sample of parents with children aged 0 to 18. Thanks to a high sample case number (n=11,330), robust statistical results are ensured. Using multivariate analysis methods, I explored the role of influencing factors such as the socio-economic status of parents or gender role attitudes for the division of labor and to what extent their role is influenced by the age of the child. For this purpose, I calculated separate regression models depending on the age of the child and then compared them with each other.

Niklas Heuser
Redakteur

One chapter of your dissertation is devoted to the cultural and institutional framework of parental division of labor. What is meant by this?

Magdalena Gerum
Doktorandin

By cultural frameworks are meant, for example, gender role attitudes, gender cultures, and ideals that define what gender-stereotypical behavior looks like. Institutional frameworks also include family policies, such as the design of time policies and monetary policies (e.g., parental leave/parental benefits), or the expansion of childcare facilities for under-3-year-olds. These cultural and institutional factors are important for the division of labor among parents, because how quickly mothers return to paid employment after the birth of a child and how much fathers become involved in family work depend on gender role attitudes and cultures on the one hand; on the other hand, time and economic reasons as well as the availability and quality of childcare places also play an important role.

Niklas Heuser
Redakteur

The debate about unpaid care work, which is neither socially nor economically recognized, is still very relevant. How can the findings of your research be situated in this debate?

Magdalena Gerum
Doktorandin

My findings show that the division of housework and childcare is not only very unequally distributed to the detriment of mothers immediately after the birth of a child, but that this inequality also persists in families with older children. That is, this gendered division of labor, which was often planned only for the first months or years of the child's life, is difficult to abandon. If policymakers want to promote an egalitarian division of labor among parents, they should ensure that mothers can return to paid employment more quickly, because a longer interruption in employment or a reduced scope of employment worsens their financial independence and makes poverty in old age more likely for mothers. Conversely, policy should motivate fathers to participate more in family work.

Keywords

parental division of labor; division of paid work; division of domestic work; division of childcare; child age; relative resources; gender role attitudes; normative context; institutional framework; family models; family policy; multidimensional gender role attitudes; latent class analysis; „intensive mothering/parenting"; family cycle mode; life course perspective; socio-economic status (ISEI)

 

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Suggested citation

Gerum, Magdalena. Arbeitsteilung der Eltern. Die Aufteilung  der Erwerbsarbeit, der Hausarbeit und  der Kinderbetreuung in Abhängigkeit  vom Alter des Kindes. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 2021, https://ediss.uni-goettingen.de/handle/21.11130/00-1735-0000-0008-59C0-B.

Repository

ediss.uni-goettingen.de

Identifiers

21.11130/00-1735-0000-0008-59C0-B

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